Common Cold-Causes and remedies

The common cold is the most frequent infectious disease in humans with on average two to four infections a year in each adult and up to 6 - 12 in individual children.

Collectively, colds, influenza, and other infections with similar symptoms are included in the diagnosis of influenza-like illness. It caused by infection with virus. It occurs in children more often than all other diseases. A cold usually lasts from three to seven days. The patient feels miserable for the first three days or so.

Causes of Common Cold

The cause of common cold are listed below:
Weak immune system of the body.
Going out in cold breeze with a wet head and exposed ears.
Sharing food or drinks with someone with a cold.
Kissing and/or cuddling someone with a cold.
Not covering the body against the cold.

Cold Symptoms
  1. Coughing: A hacking mucus-producing cough
  2. Stuffy Nose & sneezing: Stuffy nose and sneezing are common in a cold.
  3. Chill and fever: Chill and fever are rare with a cold.
  4. Headache & body ache: Headache and body ache are fairly uncommon with a cold.

Remedies :

1. Blow your nose often, rather than sniffing back the mucous.

2. Put 2-3 drops of salt water in your nose in the morning and before going to bed. Salt keeps the nasal passage moist; the saline solution also helps thin the mucous so you can get rid of it at regular intervals.

3. Make hot chicken soup with lots of garlic. Have when hot. It will help unclog your nasal passage.

4. Have lots of liquids like tea, soups, etc, daily. This will replace important fluids lost during the cold and help flush out impurities.

5. Soak your feet in warm water, it will help relieve any headaches or nasal congestion you get during your cold.

6. Warm ¼ katori mustard oil to which you have added 4-5 cloves of chopped garlic. Apply this on your nose, chest and back just as you would a bottle of Vicks. Cover up and sleep.

7. Boil half a bowl of water, add few drops of eucalyptus oil and inhale the steam.

8. Regular intake of vitamin C-75 mg for adults and 35 mg for children-will prevent the common cold. If, however, a cold has already appeared, large doses of this vitamin will relieve the symptoms and shorten its duration. He estimates that one to two grams (1000 mg to 2000 mg) per day is about the best amount of this vitamin for this purpose.

9. Garlic soup is an old remedy to cut the severity of a cold, and should be taken once daily. The soup can be ready by boiling three or four cloves of chopped garlic in a cup of water. Garlic has antiseptic and antispasmodic properties, besides several other medicinal virtues. The oil contained in this vegetable helps to open up the respiratory passages. In soup form, it flushes out all toxins from the system and thus helps bring down fever.

10. Lemon is the most important among the many home remedies for common cold. It is beneficial in all types of cold with fever. Vitamin C-rich lemon juice increases body resistance, decreases toxicity and reduces the duration of the illness. One lemon should be diluted in a glass of warm water, and a teaspoon of honey should be added to it. You can take this once or twice daily.

11. amarind-pepper rasam is also considered an effective home remedy for a cold in South India. Dilute 50 mg tamarind in 250 ml of water. Boil the diluted tamarind water for a few minutes with a teaspoon of hot clarified butter and half a teaspoon of black pepper powder. This steaming hot rasam has a flushing effect, and should be taken three times a day. As one takes it, the nose and eyes water and the nasal blockage is cleared.

12. Lady's fingers are highly valuable in treating irritation of the throat and a persistent dry cough. This vegetable is rich in mucilage and acts as a drug to allay irritation, swelling, and pain. About 100 gm of lady's fingers should be cut into pieces, and boiled down in half a litre of water to make a decoction. The steam issuing from this decoction may also be inhaled once or twice a day to relieve throat irritation and a dry cough.

13. A saltwater gargle — 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon salt dissolved in an 8-ounce glass of warm water — can temporarily relieve a sore or scratchy throat.

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Common cold, healthcare


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